Lesson Title: Digging Deeper: Mission San Sabá
Subject: Texas History
Grade Level : 7
Rationale: This lesson should be used when students already have an understanding of the Spanish mission-presidio system in Texas. The purpose of this lesson is to have students understand Spanish motives for establishing Mission San Sabá and the reasons for the mission’s failure.
Lesson Duration: 2 days, 90 minutes each or 4 days, 45 minutes each
1. Show students a transparency of the painting “The Destruction of Mission San Sabá in the Province of Texas and the Martyrdom of the Fathers Alonso de Terreros, Joseph Santiesteban” on the overhead projector. Ask students what they can infer about the following details in the painting:
Advise students that they will use a website to discover the facts of the story told in the painting.
2. Distribute the Mission San Sabá Study Questions. Have students answer the questions using information from the Texas Beyond History Mission San Sabá exhibit at: www.texasbeyondhistory.net/sansaba/
1. KWL (Know, Want to know, Learned) activity: On butcher paper or overhead transparency write the letters K, W, and L across the top. Under the letter K, have students list facts they already know about the Spanish mission system in Texas. Under the W have them list what they want to learn about this subject. The last part of the activity (what they Learned) will be completed at the end of part 2 of the lesson.
2. PERSIA Activity – Contrast Political, Economic, Religious, Social, Intellectual and Artistic ways of Spanish and Native Americans. Distribute the PERSIA model and PERSIA chart to students. Depending on the level of the class, the teacher may fill in a transparency of the chart with student participation or students can use their Mission San Sabá Study Questions, textbooks, and the Mission San Sabá website to fill in the PERSIA chart with a partner or in small groups.
Modification: Provide an answer bank for the San Sabá Student Handout questions. Help students highlight or underline strategic points in the “Victory or Massacre” reading.
Student Product:: Answers to Mission San Sabá Study Questions and Massacre or Victory essay
Closure: Fill in the L (what students learned) on the KWL chart from Day 1.
Distribute the “Massacre or Victory” reading student handout and have students read it aloud. Ask students to consider everything they have learned and then decide whether they believe the event at San Sabá was a massacre or a victory. They may use their Massacre or Victory Study Questions to help with this. Once students have formed an opinion, they will write a brief (one page) essay explaining and defending their position.
Extension Activity: Have students share their essays with the class.
Sarah Steger, Henry Middle School, Leander ISD
Rand Scheutzeberg, Leander Middle School, Leander ISD
*You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this file. Download a free copy from the Adobe website.