Throughout its known human history, La Junta was a cultural crossroads where peoples who lived elsewhere and often had different lifestyles interacted within one another. During the early centuries of village life, La Junta was connected to the Jornada Mogollon and Casas Grandes, larger and more sophisticated Southwestern cultures up the Rio Grande to the northwest and across the desert to the west respectively. The early Spanish accounts dating to the 16th and 17th centuries contain many references to connections with peoples who lived upstream on the Río Conchos (to the south/southwest) as well as to hunting and gathering peoples whose territories lay to the north and east.
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