Chiltipin Creek looking upstream. The archeological site is on higher terrain to the left. Today the creek flows only during floods and extended rainy periods. When the Hinojosa site was an active campsite some 650 years ago, the creek was a small, shallow, spring-fed stream that flowed constantly. This reconstruction is based on solid archeological evidence including the presence of several species of freshwater clams (mussels) and aquatic animals including water snakes, turtles, fish, and muskrat.

The nearby Amargosa Springs are known to have flowed as recently as a century ago. The water quality may not have been so great—Amargosa is the Spanish word for "bitter"—but bitter water is far better than none at all.
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